Category Archives: Tak Berkategori

The Kidneys

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Renal disorders in the newborn

  Prenatal diagnosis of renal disease is usually by fetal ultrasonograms that detect signs of obstructive uropathy. Fetal hydrops may occur with congenital nephrotic syndrome. Oligohidramnios occurs with severe urinary tract obstruction or renal agenesis, which is associated with pulmonary … Continue reading

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Dysplastic kidney disease

  Dysplastic kidney disease is common, occuring as unilateral disease in 1 in 1000 births and bilaterally in 1 in 5000. It is the common cause of an abdominal mass in the newborn. The condition typically is diagnosed on prenatal … Continue reading

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Polycystic kidney disease

  Polycystic kidney disease occurs as two distinc genetic disorders, autosomal dominant and autosomal recessive forms. The incidence of polycystic kidney disease is 1 in 1000 live births, making it the most common of the inherited disorders. Autosomal dominant polycystic … Continue reading

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Renal replacement therapy and prognosis in the infant

  Congenital anomalies of the kidneys and urinary tract include a wide range of defects that have their origin during the critical period of organogenesis of urinary system. The conditions includes a full spectrum and array of defects and can … Continue reading

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Prenatal diagnosis of congenital anomalies of the kidneys and urinary tract

  The widespread use and sensitivity of fetal ultrasonography has resulted in antenatal detection of the majority of renal malformations. Ultrasonographic screening for fetal anomalies can detect renal agenesis, multicystic dysplastic kidney, hydronephrosis, and abnormally shaped bladders from midway through … Continue reading

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Embryonic development of the kidney and urinary tract

  Because of the complex nature of renal development, there are multiple opportunities for interference, through mutations in crucial genes or environtmental stresses, affecting various stages in the ontogeny of the kidney, which unfortunately lead to the outcome of a … Continue reading

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