Side effects and risks for men having surgical sperm retrieval (SSR)
- Inflammation in the testes
Surgical sperm retrieval is likely to cause inflammation in the testes that could reduce future sperm production. It can also damage blood vessels in the testes. Up to 80% of men having surgical sperm retieval will have inflammation or pooling of blood (haematomal) at the site of the biopsy. Complete loss of blood supply and atrophy of the testes has been reported after a testicular biopsy. A repeated surgical sperm retrieval procedure is more likely to be successful if it is done at least 6 months after the last procedure, suggesting surgical retrieval commonly causes temporary damage to the testes.