Novel 2019 Coronavirus structure part 18

E-protein is involved in several  aspects of the virus life cycle, such as assembly, budding, envelope formation and pathogenesis. E protein’s ion channel activity is found in the transmembrane region of the protein. The membrane potential has been regulated by E-protein controlling  the ion flow  between the intracellular and extracellular environtment. The ion conductivity triggered by E-protein via the manipulation of COVID-19 genome seems to be a novel route involved in  virus pathogenesis. Although, the E-protein has been interacted with other coronavirus proteins as well as host cell proteins. E-protein’s ion channel activity and the alteration of coronavirus cell ion balance by E-protein is a necessary process for virus production but the effect of E-protein ion channel activity in virus pathogenesis remains elusive.

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