The history of stem cell research had a benign, embryonic beginning in the mid 1800’s with the discovery that some cells could generate other cells. In the early 1900’s the first real stem cell were discovered when it was found that some cells generate blood cells. The term “stem cell” was proposed for scientific use by the Russian histologist Alexander Maksimov in 1908. Bone marrow transplant between two siblings successfully treated SCID in1968. Haemopoietic stem cells were discovered in human cord in1978.