Basic components of the immune system part 132

Immune 1

 

Monoclonal antibodies can also be used as antitumor agents. Specific targeting and killing of tumour cells can be enhanced by linking tumor-antigen specific monoclonal antibodies to agents as follows:

  • A cytotoxic drugs such as methotrexate
  • A radioisotope such as iodine-131 or ytrium-90
  • A toxin such as ricin

Monoclonal antibodies are now approved for the treatment of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, myeloid and lymphocytic leukemia, breast cancer and colorectal cancer.

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