Management of air embolism during haemodialysis part 3

Haemodialysis

 

Preventing air from entering the patient and causing an air embolism:

  • Ensure all connections(blood circuit, dialysis/fistula tubing to dialysis circuit, clamps, caps) are closed or capped
  • Ensure dialysis catheter is not cracked and that clamps function correctly to seal the ends of the lumens
  • Ensure venous dialysis circuit line is securely placed in venous air detector and line clamp function correctly
  • Monitor any infusions carefully and where possible add these via venous air chamber. Packed red cell transfusions should however always be infused via the arterial port
  • Where possible have patient lying/sat above the level of the blood pump
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