Brain Development in Children


Clothes baby

Early childhood is the most and rapid period of development in a human life. The years from conceptions through birth to eight years of age critical to the complete and healty cognitive, emotional and physical growth of children.

A Child’s brain develops in response to both genes and the environtment. It is the interaction between the genes and the environtment that really shape the developing brain, a dance between biology and experience.While the gene provide the initial map for development, it is the experiences and relationships babies and children have every day that literally shape their brains. Families have an extremely important ongoing influence on children’s development. The community and service environtments in which children and families interact also play a key role in supporting optimal development.

The rapid development of children’s brains begin in the prenatal stage and continous after birth. Although cell formation is virtually complete before birth, a new born baby has about a 100 billion brain cells, brain maturation, and important neural pathway and connections are progressively developed after birth in early childhood. Therefore, early childhood is a period in development where environtment  actually has important impact on determaining how the brain and the central nervous system grows and develops, Environtment affects not only the number of the brain cells and the number of connections among them but also the way these connections are “wired”. The process of eliminating excess neurons and synapses from the dense, immature brain, which continues well into adolescence, is most dramatic in the early yeras of life, and it is guided to large extent by the child’s sensory experience of the outside world. Scientific evidence suggest that if the brain doesn’t receive the appropriate stimulation during this criticalwindow, it is very difficult for the brain to rewire itself at a later time.

Genes provide the initial map for brain development, beginning with the basic connections in the brain from birth. Significance wiring occurs during the first years of a child’s life and this effectively programs child development. At three, a child has around 1000 trillion brain connections or synapses, which in later development are selectively pruned. When adolescence is reached, brain synapses will number around 500 trillion, and this number remains relatively stable into adulthood, The prunning of brain synapses indicates the tremendous influence experience and environtment play in shaping a young brain. It is the experiences and relationships that infants and young children have that continuosly develop their brains and build the neural circuits that will be the foundation for later development. New research in an area called epigenetics, even suggest that a person’s genes can potentially develop in response to some environtmental factors.

Inadequate nutrition before birth and in the first years of life can seriously interfere with brain development and lead to such a neurological and behavioral disorders as learning disabilities and mental retardation. There is considerable evidence showing that infants exposed to good nutritions, and adequate psychosocial stimulation had measurably better brain function at twelve years of age than those raised in less stimulating environtment,

Stress is a feature of the normal development of positive and adaptive coping. Everyday stress responses of a moderate and brief nature can result in mild increases of hormone levels (cortisol) and short-lived increases in heart rate. These kinds of tolerable stress responses help in the development of adaptive coping when buffered by stable and supportive relationships and are an important part of healthy development.

Excessive or long -lasting stress is known as toxic stress and can have negative impact on brain development. Example of toxic stress include: physical or sexual abuse, neglect or lack of affection, parental mental illness, family violence, poverty and lack of adequate housing. Ongoing stress factors that are not buffered bay caring and positive relationships disrupt brain architecture leading to a lower treshold of activation of the stress management system, which in turn can lead to life long problems in learning , behaviour, and both physical and mental health,

Although manageable levels of stress are normal and growth promoting, toxic stress in the early years can damage brain development. It is in situations where ongoing stress is likely, that intervening as early as possible is critical to achieving the best possible outcomes for the child, Caring and positive relationships are essential to ensure stress levels promote resilience for babies and children.

The architecture of the brain (the neural circuits) is built in a hierarchical “bottom-up” sequence. This means the foundation is paramount, as higher level circuits are built on lower level ones. Each newly acquired skill aides in the sequential development of the next, Attaining the more complex and higher order skills becomes  much more difficult when the foundation is shaky. As the foundations are built upon, brain circuits stabilise making them much harder to change and this highlights the importance of getting them right the first time, Positive early experiences result in optimal brain development, which in turn provides the foundation for the other skills and abilities children need  for succes at school and for life.

These are critical periods, or “prime times” for various aspects of brain development. The brain is programmed for events and experiences to happen at particular times for the best wiring and brain development. For example, language developments depends on adequate hearing  and if hearing loss is not diagnosed at an early age and the brain can not receive the sounds that lead to language development, the language part of the brain begin to “close up”. The quality of child’s earliest environtments and the availability of appropriate expereiences at the right stages of development are crucial to brain development and the foundation for learning in later life,


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55 Responses to Brain Development in Children

  1. jyo says:

    Awesome info✔

    Liked by 5 people

  2. Really fascinating and valuable information… sadly , as ever, the people who most need this information are the ones least likely to find it.. I have made it my life’s work to admire people’s babies in supermarkets and cafes, and then say you know the more you cuddle your baby the cleverer it will be and the happier it is? most parents react with surprised delight- that they’ve been given permission to cuddle as much as they like !!!!

    Liked by 9 people

  3. Reblogged this on Art by Rob Goldstein and commented:
    from Medicine for All

    Liked by 2 people

  4. 🌹V.O.L says:

    This will come in handy for my Theory and Methods module. Thank you

    Liked by 5 people

  5. Ena says:

    Thanks for checking out my blog!

    Liked by 4 people

  6. Pingback: Brain Development in Children — MEDICINE FOR ALL – Suman Freelancer

  7. Your blogs fascinate me because I have raised fire children. Thanks you for the like.

    Liked by 4 people

  8. As said in the blog, young age is a very important age to develop children mentally.
    Generally in humans, as they grow their left or right brain suppress the other, so if they activate their midbrain in young age they can make their both left and right brains work equally. This results in many ways as children start increasing their abilities like imagination, hard-working, thinking capacity, etc and can shine in their future.
    refer this link for more information:

    Liked by 4 people

  9. Fascinating. Thank you so much.

    Liked by 2 people

  10. Harbans says:

    Wonderful write-up. :))

    Liked by 3 people

  11. I really enjoyed this article. My daughter is 3 and a half and bilingual (first languages are German and English equally). We try to do the best we can for her, a process that began even before conception (preparing for pregnancy, nutrition, healthy diet and lifestyle, etc.), but sometimes we worry we aren’t doing enough or that we are making mistakes. One issue is in regulating stress. One on one I do fine with her, but my husband has mental health issues which create a stressful environment when the two of us are both present and dealing with our child. For example, when she is having a tantrum or getting out of hand, my husband’s inability to cope with stress causes him to start arguing with me. It certainly doesn’t help to calm down a small child when her parents don’t stay calm. My husband’s problems derive from his childhood. All those things you mentioned in your article about the effects of stress on a child is exactly what he grew up with. Sorry for sharing my personal story with you, but this post struck a chord. 😊

    Liked by 4 people

  12. I think crib mobiles with sounds are important . Color shapes, music, being read to , blocks and crayons as soon as safe all early development stimuli.

    Liked by 3 people

  13. mentalmaniablog says:

    I am doing a project on stress and the effects it has on children. This helped a lot, I love your blog!

    Liked by 3 people

  14. franklparker says:

    A very interesting article. Called by to thank you for liking a recent post of mine. I wonder did you spot the one in which I covered this subject? I was sharing some reports I unearthed whilst researching for my latest book.

    Liked by 1 person

  15. Pingback: Brain Development in Children — MEDICINE FOR ALL – Freelance Suman D.

  16. guruboxblog says:

    Thanks for sharing.

    Liked by 2 people

  17. KDKH says:

    Have you considered giving the citations for your information? Although I don’t like to see more footnotes than text, I often want to know the origin of information. Just a suggestion.

    Liked by 2 people

  18. Very interesting. Because of the brain development you described, early trauma to children has a profound affect on their development of trust, attachment and coping/problem solving skills

    Liked by 2 people

  19. Great article. Lots of useful info.

    Liked by 1 person

  20. My Real Dish says:

    Love this information! Thank you for sharing!

    Liked by 1 person

  21. This is how the brain develop…..just kind of surprise…keep it up…nice write up…

    Thanks for the like …..and follow….again i appreciate

    Liked by 1 person

  22. Anand Bose says:

    Very informative. Anand Bose from Kerala

    Liked by 1 person

  23. I’ve always thought the first five years or so are essential to one’s emotional stability. I wonder if that’s related to stress, trauma and brain development.

    Liked by 1 person

  24. Diana says:

    A very interesting blog and a surprising find. I commend you on your interest and passion. I’m an ultrasound technologist and have spent many years peering at the fetus 😊

    Liked by 1 person

  25. dbp49 says:

    I’m glad you stopped by my site. It brought me back here, and I found your article to be truly fascinating. Having had two foiled (but very violent) attempts on my own life by the time I was 7, the part about toxic stress hit pretty close to home. Thanks again for the visit.

    Liked by 1 person

  26. larryzb says:

    Yes, and what this also tells us is that it is a terrible, tragic loss of human potential to abort children.

    Liked by 1 person

  27. oldpoet56 says:

    Great article, very good read so I am going to reblog this article for you.

    Liked by 1 person

  28. Very useful Information in a well written post

    Liked by 1 person

  29. Reblogged this on Success Inspirers World and commented:
    Good for every parent to read.

    Liked by 1 person

  30. Pingback: Brain Development in Children — MEDICINE FOR ALL – Smriti Kana

  31. AskDaralynn says:

    This was just a pleaser to read. Easy going and it flowed so well. Thanks for reading my blog post regarding Louis Vuitton. It wasn’t as intellectual as this. LOL. I wonder what happens to the brain when a child has autism. It’s rhetorical…no worries Awesome post! I’ll certainly return here for more.

    Liked by 1 person

  32. ajschacht says:

    Fascinating article!!

    Liked by 1 person

  33. Pingback: Brain Development in Children – Vietnam Travel & Trade Portal

  34. alhenry says:

    “Families have an extremely important ongoing influence on children’s development. The community and service environments in which children and families interact also play a key role in supporting optimal development.”

    This cannot be stated enough. As a parent and former elementary teacher, I cannot overemphasize the importance of TALKING to young children every day and everywhere. Shopping with your baby in the supermarket? Talk about the things you see on the shelves, the items you pick up. Out for a walk with the stroller or baby pack? Comment on the houses, trees, people, dogs, shops, buses. Sing silly songs. Tell funny stories. Human interaction is perhaps the key ingredient in making us human.

    Great post!

    Liked by 2 people

  35. This article was EASY to read and follow. Unlike most medical Articles that almost need the Physician there to explain the nuances. Thank you.

    Liked by 1 person

  36. Great post as ever… just wish there were some easy to read outlets for mothers to read this sort of stuff in popular magazines, newspapers etc…… I wrote about it for 45 years here in NZ in parenting magazines, but finally ran out of puff at 78 years old, and I don’t see anyone picking up the baton and running with it alas…

    Liked by 1 person

  37. SCLMRose says:

    Great post. I firmly believe that the first 8 years of the kid’s life are very important years. For that reason, I stayed home for 8 years before I rejoined the workforce. Thanks for dropping at my site.

    Liked by 1 person

  38. As an unexpected/unwanted child, the only reason I’m here is due to the fact my father was a betting man, and he had a 50/50 chance of having the son he so desired. Well, he lost, and thus began an isolating life of little interaction with either parent.
    As a result, this insecure and frightened of everything female grew with no self-esteem, and this led to a lifetime of damaging problems. But, later in life, having survived a dangerously abusive husband for 20 years, and escaping, I found the courage to face my realities, write a book about my experiences, and from the bad, good is born.
    Needless to say, I truly understand the importance of supportive and loving parents in one’s development.

    Liked by 1 person

  39. tomzz68 says:

    Great content with real value. ❤

    Liked by 1 person

  40. Fascinating. As so many children now lack interested adult faces( they are too busy looking at phones) I really do wonder what will be the result for child brain development in the future.

    Liked by 1 person

  41. Pingback: Brain Development in Children – Fun Child development

  42. Ravisingh says:

    Superb! very informative.I just loved it!

    Liked by 1 person

  43. Ravisingh says:

    I suggest you can read my other posts too and you wud love them!


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